holuhraun, or nornahar as they’re calling it in iceland, the new lava on top of holuhraun, which is actually old lava. from bardarbunga, a volcano that erupted JUST AFTER i left iceland this summer. waaah. i’ve been watching it on the web, tracking its progress. and one day i came upon this picture:
and couldn’t wait to put it down on silk. it’s going to be one of my icelandic series of silk paintings, and by far the most difficult of them all. i had to make three test scarves before i could be sure of the process. and the next thing to do is make a production run of four. but here is a sample of the irritations involved in creating a scarf way out of your own league.
the big technical deal about this scarf is that the warmest, most glowing and purest colors are right next to the most murky black, and the texture is something i can only consider sugar syrup for. fine water-soluble resist on most of the other details, fine. but for lava, only a smear of syrup over color is going to work. but how?
the first thing is always a template, unless i’m feeling bold, and if it’s a successful first try i’ll still transfer it to paper for a proper template. once a scarf design is down and proven to be good, i roll it up and use it over and over for as many scarves as i feel the need to make. usually i go for multiples of two, because i steam them side by side in a tall steamer. in this case i’m trying to make a bunch of scarves for the giftshop in olafsfjordur (ugla (owl) gallery), so i’ll try for 4 of them. but first i have to get it right.
this is the first step of the first test scarf – put on the boldest orange where the lava will go. and while i was at it, i put in the flames of the lava fountain above the growing cinder ridge of new lava. the dark, gummy stuff on top is sugar syrup, squeezed from a bottle in rings, and then mushed and spread with my finger. you can see a fingerprint in the middle. i have already drawn in the resist lines – you can see this in the white of the bottom of the scarf. and i have put syrup on top of the resist line for the lava, but i still drew it.
here’s a closeup. the purple is one of the streams of water that the lava is encroaching upon, which accounts for much of the smoke. you can see the lava’s upper resist line well in this photo, with the flames above.
this is how the first scarf turned out. the good part is to find that the dye formula i’m using is washfast. the bad thing is that i got the lava too black, and the black washed right into the lava color when it was wet, and ruined the effect. because i made everything run after painting it all in, as i usually do. the runs look cool everywhere else but the lava. so i’m on the right track.
the second scarf should have turned out beautifully, except i was experimenting with the steaming method. i want to switch to my little steamer for travelling, and i also want to use fabric to steam, rather than paper. but fabric is way too absorbent, and paper is less so. the fabric (an old sheet) got wet, the scarf got wet instead of steamed, and ran all over my fabric. so very little of the dye was retained on the silk. it’s cool looking, but not what i need. but i can see i was on the right track with the lava.
so, third try is the charm. this time i put in a bunch of colors before bothering with the sugar syrup.
then when i stuck the syrup on i used a palette knife to smear it, and put it on rather more thickly in spots where i wanted more lava to shine thru.
the black only went on where i didn’t want to have burning lava, and i had to make sure i was seeing the negative space when i put it on. i will be careful not to let this part get wet so it doesn’t bleed. usually when i use sugar syrup i want it to bleed later, for that ferny mixing effect of the colors. but in this case, i’m using syrup because of its resistive properties, and don’t want to mess with it and dilute the color balance.
okay, here i’m getting a little dark for my tastes with the surrounding night and reflections on the river. to tell the truth, the dyes i mixed up were very strong, and didn’t flow the way i’m used to, so they streaked and i had to scrub the colors in while the surface was wet.
then lots of red and everything finished and ready for water.
and this is what heppened. the blue bled the red and everything but those awful red lines in the foreground blended right down to atmospheric.
but, this is the finished test scarf, all washed out and ironed. it turned out fine. i want to make the lava more orange, rather than yellow, but the techniques are solid, and i can start into production with the assurance that i have a viable design.
i think it’s lovely.